Irrigation/Biofilms Update

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CE Hours: 1

Course Description:

Microbial-biofilms are surface-adherent consortium formed by dynamic communities of bacteria in response to environmental changes. This lecture will deliberate the factors governing the current root canal strategies both from microbiological and fluid dynamics perspectives.    

At the conclusion, participants should be able to:

  • Describe factors governing the effectiveness of strategies used to eliminate root canal biofilms.
  • List the challenges involved and steps to improve fluid dynamics in root canals.
  • Describe the current status of strategies for disinfecting root canal biofilms.     



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7 Questions
CE Test
5 Questions  |  Unlimited attempts  |  4/5 points to pass
5 Questions  |  Unlimited attempts  |  4/5 points to pass
1.00 CE credit  |  Certificate available
1.00 CE credit  |  Certificate available

Anil Kishen, B.D.S., M.D.S., Ph.D.

Dr. Anil Kishen BDS, MDS, Ph.D., received his clinical specialty training in Endodontics & Conservative Dentistry from the Madras Dental College, India. His Ph.D. is in the field of biomedical engineering from the Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. After his stint as assistant/associate professor at the National University of Singapore, he moved to the University of Toronto, where he is currently a full-professor in endodontics, graduate coordinator, raduate Education, and a principal investigator at the Dental Research Institute, University of Toronto. He currently serves as an associate editor for the Journal of Endodontics, BMC Microbiology and Clinical Oral Investigations, in addition to serving as an editorial board member for several international journals.

Dr. Kishen is a recipient of many awards and honors including the AAE Foundation-Denstply Research Excellence Award (2013), the Journal of Endodontics Publication Awards (2015, 2016, 2020), and the prestigious Louis I. Grossman Award (2020) from the AAE, which recognizes an author for cumulative publication of significant research studies that have made an extraordinary contribution to endodontology.

Dr. Kishen has published over 20 book chapters, and has edited three interdisciplinary textbooks. He has published over 150 peer-reviewed journal publications, and is a co-inventor in several patents/invention disclosures. 

 Anil Kishen, B.D.S., M.D.S., Ph.D.   

Disclosure: In accordance with this policy, I declare that I have NO past or present proprietary or relevant financial relationship or receive gifts in kind (including soft intangible remuneration), consulting position or affiliation, or other personal interest of any nature or kind in any product, service, course and/or company, or in any firm beneficially associated therewith.