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  • SP-32 Bioceramic Obturation: A Passing Trend or the New Root Canal Filling Standard?

    Contains 5 Component(s), 0.75 credits offered

    Michael Marmo, D.MD Bioceramics have proven biocompatibility, osteoconductivity and excellent handling properties when used for vital pulp therapy, perforation repairs, and as a root end filling material in apical microsurgery. But can these same materials perform as well for obturation?

    CE: 0.75

    Bioceramics have proven biocompatibility, osteoconductivity and excellent handling properties when used for vital pulp therapy, perforation repairs, and as a root end filling material in apical microsurgery. But can these same materials perform as well for obturation? Unlike previous obturation materials, bioceramic sealers are hydrophilic, bioactive, injectable and easy to use. Do these sealers actually bond to the dentin surface? Can these hard setting materials be easily retreated? We will explore the latest evidence-based biological response and initial outcomes of these materials to consider if bioceramic obturation is a passing trend or the beginning of a new root canal filling standard. 

    At the conclusion, participants should be able to:

    • Describe the unique properties of bioceramic obturation materials.
    • Explain the clinical techniques of bioceramic obturation and the differences between classic gutta percha obturation.
    • Examine the current strengths and limitations of these new obturation materials.

    Michael Marmo, D.MD

    SP-32 Bioceramic Obturation: A Passing Trend or the New Root Canal Filling Standard?

    Dr Michael Marmo received both his DMD degree and advanced endodontic training at the Penn Dental Medicine. Since 1998 he is active as a Clinical Associate Professor of Endodontics at Penn, teaching both endodontic residents and predoctoral students. Dr Marmo lectures nationally and internationally on various endodontic topics, highlighting NiTi instrumentation, irrigation and bioceramics obturaton. Dr. Marmo is a member of the Scientific Advisory Committee for The Journal of Endodontics, served on past AAE committees, and a Diplomate of the American Board of Endodontics. In addition, he maintains a private practice in Newtown, Pennsylvania.

    Michael Marmo, D.MD

    I declare that I have no proprietary, financial, or other personal interest of any nature or kind in any product, service, course, and/or company, or in any firm beneficially associated therewith, that will be discussed or considered during the proposed presentation.


  • SP-7 Minced Pulp Tissue as Source of Pulpal MSCs

    Product not yet rated Contains 5 Component(s), 1.5 credits offered

    Mo K. Kang, D.D.S., M.S., Ph.D., This presentation will highlight the challenges faced with revascularization and the potential use of MP-MSCs for pulp regeneration, through novel concept of pulp tissue grafting.​

    CE: 1.5

    Pulp tissue regeneration is becoming a reality after discovery of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) residing in the pulp tissues. Revascularization has become a standard of care for immature cases with pulpal necrosis and apical abscess, yet presents with some complications including intracanal calcifications. To regenerate bone fide pulp-dentin complex, cell-based approaches have been devised, although limited by complexities with in vitro cell culture. To circumvent these issues, we investigated the use of minced pulp tissues as a direct source of pulpal MSCs for tissue regeneration. We characterized the phenotype of cells explanted from minced pulp, namely minced pulp-derived MSCs (MP-MSCs), compared with dental pulp stem cells (DPSC) established from pulp tissues by enzyme digestion and explored the use of these cells for pulp-dentin regeneration. This presentation will highlight the challenges faced with revascularization and the potential use of MP-MSCs for pulp regeneration, through novel concept of pulp tissue grafting.

    At the conclusion, participants should be able to:

    • Discuss the successful outcomes and limitations of revascularization.
    • Describe the current state of knowledge dealing with cell-based endodontic regenerative therpaies.
    • Recognize the concept of pulp tissue grafting.

    Mo Kang, D.D.S., M.S., Ph.D.

    SP-7 Minced Pulp Tissue as Source of Pulpal MSCs

    Dr. Kang is Professor and Chairman of the Section of Endodontics at the UCLA School of Dentistry. He holds Jack Weichman Endowed Chair at UCLA. Dr. Kang received his DDS and PhD from UCLA in 2001 and completed his endodontic training there in 2003. He has received numerous honors for his research and scholarship, including the Edward E. Hatton award from the American and International Association for Dental Research and distinguished scientist awards. Dr. Kang’s research focuses on the mechanisms of pulpal inflammation, tissue regeneration, as well as cancer biology. He currently serves as Associate Editor of the Journal of Endodontics and review board for Journal of Dental Research. Dr. Kang is an internationally recognized scholar and lecturer with his expertise in clinical endodontics, bioceramics, pulp regeneration, and other basic science topics. He maintains active private practice limited to Endodontics.

    Mo K. Kang, D.D.S., M.S., Ph.D.


    I declare that I have no proprietary, financial, or other personal interest of any nature or kind in any product, service, course, and/or company, or in any firm beneficially associated therewith, that will be discussed or considered during the proposed presentation.


  • S-11 Cervical Root Resorption: Assessment, Treatment and Management

    Contains 5 Component(s), 1.5 credits offered

    Terrell F. Pannkuk, D.D.S., M.Sc.D. Cervical root resorption has been historically regarded as a rare, untreatable dental disease process. But it is not rare and usually quite manageable. Dr. Pannkuk will present case histories with long-term follow-up observations.

    S-11 Cervical Root Resorption: Assessment, Treatment and Management

    CE: 1.5

    Cervical root resorption has been historically regarded as a rare, untreatable dental disease process. But it is not rare and usually quite manageable. Dr. Pannkuk will present case histories with long-term follow-up observations. He will emphasize proper assessment and systematically developed treatment strategies, CBCT mapping and option assessment will be highlighted with a special emphasis on the differences between root repair materials with the best-fit current research. Extensive documentation with clinical microphotographs, videos, CBCT imaging and conventional radiography will be demonstrated.

    At the conclusion, participants should be able to:

    • Assess which types of root resorption are treatable.
    • Evaluate a CBCT scan and map out an internal treatment approach to cervical root resorption.
    • Use the appropriate materials to treat cervical root resorption.

    Terrell F. Pannkuk, D.D.S., M.Sc.D.

    Dr. Terry Pannkuk, a native of California, graduated from University of California at Los Angeles with a degree in biology, from Georgetown Dental School with a D.D.S., and from Boston University with an M.Sc.D. in Endodontics. He is a Diplomate of the American Board of Endodontics, former editor and publisher of “The Endodontic Report," former president of the Boston University Endodontic Alumni Association, current reviewer for the "Journal of Endodontics,", past president of the Academy of Microscope Enhanced Dentistry, past president and founder of the Schilder Institute for the Advancement of Endodontics, editor and publisher of "Pure Dental Learning,", volunteer clinical professor at the University of California at San Francisco, and international lecturer-author of topics relating to clinical endodontics. He lives and practices in Santa Barbara, Calif.

    Terrell F. Pannkuk, D.D.S., M.Sc.D.

    I declare that I have proprietary, financial, or other personal interest of any nature or kind in any product, service, course, and/or company, or in any firm beneficially associated therewith, that will be discussed or considered during the proposed presentation.
    Real World Endo (Self) :Pure Dental Learning (PDL) () : Stockholder/Ownership Interest (excluding diversified mutual funds)

  • S-6 Periapical Microsurgery: De Rigueur Root-end Assessment & Management of Dentinal Defects

    Contains 5 Component(s), 1 credit offered

    Peter Tawil, D.M.D., M.Sc. A thorough microscopic inspection of the root-end complex through LED transillumination and staining should be a routine prescribed custom to all clinicians performing this detailed procedure. This De Rigueur approach gives clinicians a view to manage dentinal defects making periapical microsurgery a precise, biologically based adjunct to nonsurgical root canal treatment.

    CE: 1.0

    A thorough microscopic inspection of the root-end complex through LED transillumination and staining should be a routine prescribed custom to all clinicians performing this detailed procedure. This De Rigueur approach gives clinicians a view to manage dentinal defects making periapical microsurgery a precise, biologically based adjunct to nonsurgical root canal treatment. This presentation will cover the direct vision concept that will help clinicians predictably assess and manage the root-end complex through the use of magnification, transillumination and staining. Modern microsurgical protocols have shown excellent success rates in clinical studies. By analyzing the resected root tips, the astute clinician will be able to know how to manage surgical cases, obtain an ideal apical seal and offer predictable outcomes.


    At the conclusion, participants should be able to:

    • Recognize how endodontists can best position themselves, their staff and their microscope to work through a direct vision approach.
    • Identify dentinal defects through a detailed microscopic evaluation of the root-end complex through LED transillumination and staining.
    • Demonstrate an ideal apical seal through proper root-end management of dentinal defects and apical anatomy.

    Peter Tawil, D.M.D., M.Sc.

    Dr. Peter Z. Tawil started out his education in Mechanical Engineering at McGill University. He continued his studies in Dentistry where he obtained his DMD at the Université de Montréal & his AEGD certificate at the University of Rochester. After discovering his passion for Endodontics, he completed his Masters in Endodontics at UNC in Chapel Hill. Upon completion of his studies, Dr. Tawil worked as a specialist in private practice for seven years in Québec & in North Carolina. He has several publications & a passion for Periapical Microsurgery. He's currently the Director for Graduate Endodontics at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

    Peter Tawil, D.M.D., M.Sc.

    I declare that I have no proprietary, financial, or other personal interest of any nature or kind in any product, service, course, and/or company, or in any firm beneficially associated therewith, that will be discussed or considered during the proposed presentation.

  • S-10 The Application of Cone Beam Volumetric Tomography in Endodontic Surgery: A new era in diagnosis, treatment planning and outcome evaluation in endodontic microsurgery.

    Product not yet rated Contains 5 Component(s), 1.5 credits offered

    Mohamed I. Fayad, D.D.S., M.S., Ph.D. Cone Beam Volumetric Tomography (CBVT) is a diagnostic imaging modality that provides high-quality, accurate three dimensional (3-D) representations of the osseous elements of the maxillofacial skeleton.

    CE: 1.5

    Cone Beam Volumetric Tomography (CBVT) is a diagnostic imaging modality that provides high-quality, accurate three dimensional (3-D) representations of the osseous elements of the maxillofacial skeleton. CBVT has great potential to become a valuable tool in the modern endodontic practice. The different applications of CBVT in diagnosis, treatment planning and long-term outcome evaluation of periapical surgery will be reviewed. Video footage of clinical cases from start to completion will be utilized to demonstrate the 3-D scan evaluation as well as the surgical procedures. Conventional 2-D radiography uses defined criteria for non-surgical and surgical outcome assessment. However, these radiographic healing criteria are not applicable for 3-D radiography. This presentation will focus on how CBCT technology has provided clinicians with a different understanding of the dynamics of endodontic disease as well as healing. Based on the information received from the recall CBCT cases not responding to treatment (non-surgical and surgical) changes in treatment protocols and armamentarium will be presented. 


    Mohamed I. Fayad, D.D.S., M.S., Ph.D.

    Dr. Mohamed I. Fayad received his D.D.S. in 1985 from Cairo University and his M.S. in oral sciences in 1994 from the University of Buffalo at New York. He received his Ph.D. in 1996 as a joint supervision between SUNY and Cairo University. He had two years of AEGD at Eastman Dental Center, University of Rochester at New York, and received his Certificate in Endodontics from the College of Dentistry at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Currently, he is the director of endodontic research and a clinical associate professor in the UIC endodontics department dividing his time between teaching, research, and private practice. He currently serves on the scientific advisory and manuscript review panels of the "Journal of Endodontics" and "Evidence Based Endodontics Journal." He co-chaired the AAE/AAOMR committee drafting the joint position statement on CBCT (2015). Dr. Fayad has numerous publications and chapters in peer reviewed journals and textbooks including "Pathways of the Pulp" and "Contemporary Surgical Endodontics." He is the co-editor of the CBCT text book "3-D Imaging in Endodontics: A New Era in Diagnosis and Treatment" by Springe. He is a Diplomate of the American Board of Endodontics and has delivered numerous presentations nationally and internationally.

    Mohamed I. Fayad, D.D.S., M.S., Ph.D.

    I declare that I have no proprietary, financial, or other personal interest of any nature or kind in any product, service, course, and/or company, or in any firm beneficially associated therewith, that will be discussed or considered during the proposed presentation.

  • SP-18 Heat Treated NiTi Rotary Files and Superior Results

    Contains 3 Component(s)

    Charles Goodis, D.D.S. This presentation will discuss the advantages and how best to use heat treated NiTi rotary files during endodontic treatment. It will also show cyclic fatigue, bending and torsional tests comparing heat treated to non-heated treated NiTi rotary files.​

    CE: 0

    Heat treated NiTi rotary files have shown improved properties compared to non-heat treated NiTi rotary files. They can also be used in more challenging cases, give a better canal shape and have a slightly different feel when using them. This presentation will discuss the advantages and how best to use heat treated NiTi rotary files during endodontic treatment. It will also show cyclic fatigue, bending and torsional tests comparing heat treated to non-heated treated NiTi rotary files. 

    At the conclusion, participants should be able to:

    • Discuss the differences between heat treated and non-heat treated NiTi rotary file and how heat treated NiTi rotary files can give superior results in endodontic treatment.
    • Describe how the cyclic fatigue, bending and torsional test results comparing heat treated NiTi rotary files to non-heat treated NiTi rotary files have a relationship to endodontic treatment.
    • Perform better endodontic cases using heat treated NiTi rotary files and how they allow you to treat seemly improbable endodontic cases compared to non-heat treated NiTi rotary files.

    Charles Goodis, D.D.S.

    Dr. Charles Goodis is the owner of EdgeEndo, a heat treated NiTi rotary file distributor and U.S. Endodontics, a heat treated NiTi rotary file manufacturer. His undergraduate major was mechanical engineering at the University of Michigan where he also went to dental school. He did a GPR at the University of Minnesota and recieved his Endodontic Certificate at the University of Connecticut. He has a full-time practice in Albuquerque, N.M.

    Charles Goodis, D.D.S.

    I declare that I have proprietary, financial, or other personal interest of any nature or kind in any product, service, course, and/or company, or in any firm beneficially associated therewith, that will be discussed or considered during the proposed presentation.
    Financial Relationship: EDGE

  • SP-41 Canal Debridement - What Does It Look Like? A Comparison Look at the Fluid Dynamics and Effectiveness of Various Irrigation Protocols Using High Speed Macro Video and High Resolution Macro CBCT

    Product not yet rated Contains 3 Component(s)

    Eric J. Herbranson, D.D.S., M.S. This lecture will review ongoing work on the nature of cleaning of the root canal system. It will examine and compare three current methods for cleaning: traditional needle irrigation, negative apical pressure and multisonics.


    CE: 0

    This lecture will review ongoing work on the nature of cleaning of the root canal system. It will examine and compare three current methods for cleaning: traditional needle irrigation, negative apical pressure and multisonics. The goal is to demonstrate the dynamics and effectiveness of each protocol using two methods. The first is high speed macro video of irrigation dynamics in anatomically correct clear plastic teeth. The second, using real teeth, will use microCBCT technology to show how effective each method is in removing dentin mud generated from shaping. 

    At the conclusion, participants should be able to:

    • Demonstrate the fluid dynamics of the three methods of irrigation and their potential effectiveness in removing debris in lateral anatomy of teeth.
    • Demonstrate the relative amount of dentin debris produced in both traditional shaping and dentin conserving shaping.
    • Describe the effectiveness of dentin debris removal of each method in both traditional and dentin conserving shaping protocols.

    Eric J. Herbranson, D.D.S., M.S.(C)

    Dr. Eric Herbranson is co-founder and Chairman of the Board of eHuman, a company that develops dental and human anatomy education software. He is also the developer of the Xmount series of microscope camera mounts. He has made a significant contribution lecturing to students and special interest groups on endodontics, technology in dentistry, and microscope photography. Dr. Herbranson’s study of physics and 40 years experience in film and digital imaging provide him with an educated understanding of macro and microphotography, and affords him a unique vision of endodontic education and image production. With his innovative approach and advanced imaging skills, Dr. Herbranson developed the unique processes and methodology for capturing images of human and dental anatomy now used as the basis for eHuman's educational technology. Dr. Herbranson earned a DDS and a MS in Endodontics from Loma Linda University. He has authored a number of textbook chapters and articles.

    Eric J. Herbranson, D.D.S., M.S.

    I declare that I have proprietary, financial, or other personal interest of any nature or kind in any product, service, course, and/or company, or in any firm beneficially associated therewith, that will be discussed or considered during the proposed presentation.
    Real World Endo (Self) :eHuman () : Stockholder/Ownership Interest (excluding diversified mutual funds); Global Surgical Corporation () : Other Financial or Material Support, product development; SSWhite Bur, Inc () : Consultant, Honorarium


  • EP-4 Improving the Patient Experience: Lessons Learned From Patient Feedback

    Product not yet rated Contains 5 Component(s), 1.5 credits offered

    Todd Cole, Kathleen M. Gehring , Alan S. Law, D.D.S., Ph.D. his presentation will discuss how a specialty practice used feedback from patients to develop a training program which resulted in an improved patient experience.


    CE: 1.5

    Satisfied patients and referring doctors are the life's blood of a thriving endodontic practice. Providing patients the opportunity to give feedback is essential for understanding and improving the patient experience. This information has also become a source for improving the competitive advantage when looking at business objectives in the practice. This presentation will discuss how a specialty practice used feedback from patients to develop a training program which resulted in an improved patient experience.

    At the conclusion, participants should be able to:

    • Discuss ways in which endodontic practices can measure the patient experience.
    • Discuss how patient feedback, both positive and negative, can be used to develop a training program for doctors and team members and to address business objectives.
    • Demonstrate how practices can measure the outcomes of the patient experience training programs.

    Todd Cole

    Todd Cole has over 20 years of dedicated business management experience. He is the director of operations for a multi-specialty dental practice, which includes 26 specialists practicing at 16 locations. As the administrative co-manager in the dyadic practice management model, Todd’s responsibilities and knowledge base includes operations, revenue management, operating expense management, capital planning, staffing models, performance reporting, support systems and services. As part of the dyad, Todd and the doctor co-manager share responsibilities with the mission, vision, values, culture, overall performance, internal organizational relationships and strategy.

    Kathleen M. Gehring

    Ms. Gehring has a degree in accounting and has had several roles at general dental and multi-specialty dental practices since 1999. Her roles have included managing doctor schedules, practice manage, and practice promotion. With her position in the practice, Ms. Gehring is able to focus on patient care and providing a positive experience for patients and referring practices. She has been a speaker at local and national meetings. Her goal in the practice is to provide care that enhances the health and life of both patients and the community.

    Alan S. Law, D.D.S., Ph.D.

    Dr. Alan S. Law received his doctor of dental surgery and Certificate in Endodontics from the University of Iowa College of Dentistry, Iowa City, Iowa. He also completed his Ph.D., “Mechanisms and Modulation of Orofacial Pain,” with the department of pharmacology at the University of Iowa. Dr. Law has published several of articles in scientific and clinical journals, and has co-authored chapters on "The Non-Odontogenic Toothache" and "Regenerative Endodontics in Pathways of the Pulp. " He teaches continuing education courses at the University of Minnesota, is a past president of the Minnesota Association of Endodontists and a former director of the American Association of Endodontics. He is a past president of the American Board of Endodontics. He is in full–time practice in the Twin Cities with The Dental Specialists, a multi-specialty dental practice, and an adjunct associate professor in the division of endodontics at the University of Minnesota.

     Todd Cole

    I declare that I have no proprietary, financial, or other personal interest of any nature or kind in any product, service, course, and/or company, or in any firm beneficially associated therewith, that will be discussed or considered during the proposed presentation.

    Kathleen M. Gehring

    I declare that I have no proprietary, financial, or other personal interest of any nature or kind in any product, service, course, and/or company, or in any firm beneficially associated therewith, that will be discussed or considered during the proposed presentation.

  • HT-3 It is All in the Eye of the Beholder - What is the Ideal Clinical Outcome Study?

    Contains 5 Component(s), 1 credit offered

    Kenneth M. Hargreaves, D.D.S., Ph.D. This presentation will summarize critical issues in defining clinical outcomes and treatment success.


    CE: 1.0

    The field of endodontics offers decades of endodontic treatment and volumes of outcome studies. Are these outcome studies valid? What are their deficiencies? What will be required for future outcome studies? How does the specialty of endodontics compare with other dental and non-dental specialties? Are we missing critical outcome measures that may lead to a revision in our definition of success? Drawing on medicine and other fields of dentistry, this presentation will summarize critical issues in defining clinical outcomes and treatment success.

    At the conclusion, participants should be able to:

    • Describe differences in clinical outcomes as defined by various endodontic stakeholders.
    • Apply these concepts for evaluating endodontic clinical trials.
    • Describe a process for defining and validating clinical outcome measures.

    Kenneth Hargreaves, D.D.S., Ph.D.

    Dr. Kenneth Hargreaves is professor and chair of the department of endodontics and professor in the departments of pharmacology, physiology and surgery at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio. Dr. Hargreaves received his D.D.S. degree from Georgetown University School of Dentistry, Ph.D. in physiology from the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences in Bethesda, Md., and Certificate in Endodontics from the University of Minnesota, where he served as an associate professor of endodontics and pharmacology for seven years. Dr. Hargreaves is a Diplomate of the ABE. His primary research interests are in the areas of pain, inflammation and regendo. His research team has published more than 190 papers and two books, "Cohen's Pathways of the Pulp" (with Lou Berman) and "Seltzer and Bender's Dental Pulp" (with Frank Tay and Harold Goodis). He also serves as editor of the "Journal of Endodontics."

    Kenneth M. Hargreaves, D.D.S., Ph.D.

    I declare that I have proprietary, financial, or other personal interest of any nature or kind in any product, service, course, and/or company, or in any firm beneficially associated therewith, that will be discussed or considered during the proposed presentation.Vindolor (Self) : CSO (Status: Ongoing), Stockholder/Ownership Interest (excluding diversified mutual funds) (Status: Ongoing)


  • I-2 Diagnosing Oral Pathosis – What to Look for on Imaging and When to Refer

    Contains 5 Component(s), 1.5 credits offered

    David J. Landwehr, D.D.S., M.S., Laurence Gaalaas, D.D.S., M.S. This session will provide a case-based overview using 2-D periapical imaging and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to illustrate common radiographic changes that could be misdiagnosed and result in unnecessary treatment.


    CE: 1.5

    Periapical cysts and periapical granulomas comprise the vast majority of radiolucent lesions that concern the endodontist. However, radiographic examination can also result in findings that mimic conventional radiolucent lesions. These conditions range in clinical significance from variations of normal to significant pathology or malignancy. This session will provide a case-based overview using 2-D periapical imaging and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to illustrate common radiographic changes that could be misdiagnosed and result in unnecessary treatment. Additionally, radiographic features of both odontogenic and non-odontogenic conditions that can resemble routine periapical pathology will be featured to help clinicians develop a differential diagnosis that will determine if endodontic treatment is appropriate or if referral is indicated.

    At the conclusion, participants should be able to:

    • Develop a comprehensive radiographic differential diagnosis based on clinical and radiographic findings.
    • List radiographic features that suggest a non-inflammatory etiology using both periapical images and CBCT.
    • Determine when to refer and which dental or medical specialist is most appropriate to facilitate further diagnosis and treatment.

    David J. Landwehr, D.D.S., M.S.

    As a leading practitioner and educator, Dr. David J. Landwehr, D.D.S., M.S., serves as a frequent teacher at dozens of events each year focusing on endodontics and oral pathology. A Wisconsin native, Dr. Landwehr studied as an undergraduate at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and went on to earn his D.D.S. at the University of Minnesota in 1994. From there, he earned an M.S. degree and certificate in oral and maxillofacial pathology at The Ohio State University followed by specialty training in endodontics at the University of Michigan. Since returning to Wisconsin in 1999, Dr. Landwehr has provided exemplary care to patients and currently maintains a full-time private practice at Capital Endodontics in Madison. He has presented case studies both nationally and internationally, published research findings in peer-reviewed journals, served as an evidence reviewer for the American Dental Association and was the chief of endodontics for the Meriter Hospital general practice residency for 12 years. Dr. Landwehr lectures on many endodontic topics but has a specific interest in endodontic diagnosis and instrumentation of the root canal system.

    Laurence Gaalaas, D.D.S., M.S.

    Dr. Laurence Gaalaas received his dental degree from the University of Minnesota in 2012 and completed specialty training and a master of dcience degree in oral and maxillofacial radiology from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 2015. As a researcher and inventor, his experience includes advanced graphical analysis of images derived from dental imaging modalities, caries detection and diagnosis, contrast performance evaluation of clinical x-ray imaging systems and development of novel imaging techniques specific to dentistry such as low dose 3-D intraoral radiography and dental MRI. He is a Diplomate of the American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, a member of the American Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, and has ongoing teaching responsibilities plus an active radiology practice through the University of Minnesota.

    David J. Landwehr, D.D.S., M.S.

    I declare that I have proprietary, financial, or other personal interest of any nature or kind in any product, service, course, and/or company, or in any firm beneficially associated therewith, that will be discussed or considered during the proposed presentation.DENTSPLY SIRONA Endodontics (Self) : Honorarium (Status: Ongoing)

    Laurence Gaalaas, D.D.S., M.S.

    I declare that I have proprietary, financial, or other personal interest of any nature or kind in any product, service, course, and/or company, or in any firm beneficially associated therewith, that will be discussed or considered during the proposed presentation.XinVivo, Inc. (Self) : Consultant (Status: Ongoing)