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  • Product not yet rated Contains 4 Component(s), Includes Credits Includes a Live Web Event on 05/25/2022 at 6:00 PM (CDT)

    Nestor Cohenca, DDS, FIADT |This lecture will discuss the recently published guidelines and present emerging approaches for the treatment of avulsed teeth with long extra-alveolar dry time.

    CE: 1.0

    Description: 

    Avulsions is considered to be one of the most severe and complex dental injuries with regards to treatment and long-term prognosis. The extra-alveolar dry period and storage medium in which a tooth is kept prior to replantation remain critical factors affecting the survival and repair potential of the periodontal ligament in avulsed teeth. When replantation is not immediate, replacement root resorption (RRR) and ankylosis is the most common complication. This lecture will discuss the recently published guidelines and present emerging approaches for the treatment of avulsed teeth with long extra-alveolar dry time.

    At the conclusion of this presentation, participants will be able to:         

    • Discuss avulsion injuries and its complications in growing patients.
    • Explain the new published protocols and strategies for avulsed teeth
    • Describe new concepts for rehabilitation and regeneration of injured tissues.

    Nestor Cohenca, D.D.S., F.I.A.D.T.

    Professor

    Dr. Nestor Cohenca completed the endodontic program at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem cum laude and received the Best Graduate Student Award. He then served 11 years on faculty at the school while maintaining a private practice limited to endodontics. Dr. Cohenca joined the University of Washington and served as tenured professor of endodontics and pediatric dentistry from 2005-2014. Currently he serves as professor and director of endodontics and the Multidisciplinary Traumatology Unit at Seattle Children’s Hospital and maintains a private practice limited to endodontics in Kirkland, Wash. He is a Diplomate of the Israel Board of Endodontics and the American Board of Endodontics. Dr. Cohenca is a Fellow and past-president of the International Association of Dental Traumatology and received an honorary membership to Omicron Kappa Upsilon National Dental Honor Society. He has published more than 80 peer-reviewed articles, 10 chapters and a book. Dr. Cohenca provided more than 250 lectures around the world and is well known as one of the experts in dental traumatology, endo-pedo-related topics, vital pulp therapy, CBCT and root canal disinfection.

    Speaker Disclosure

    I declare that I have no proprietary, financial, or other personal interest of any nature or kind in any product, service, course, and/or company, or in any firm beneficially associated therewith, that will be discussed or considered during the proposed presentation

  • Contains 4 Component(s), Includes Credits Includes a Live Web Event on 03/29/2022 at 6:00 PM (CDT)

    Brooke Blicher, D.M.D. and Rebekah Lucier Pryles, D.M.D.| Participants in this webinar will understand the diagnosis of endodontic infections, but will more importantly appreciate those situations that may benefit from antibiotic therapy as well as those where antibiotics may not be necessary.

    CE: 1.0

    Description: 

    Antibiotics are useful adjunctive tools in the management of endodontic infections. That said, their overuse and misuse in dentistry and medicine have caused a dramatic increase in the rates of antibiotic resistance. The rise in resistance, among other concerns, underscores the need for stewardship of this valuable resource. Participants in this webinar will understand the diagnosis of endodontic infections, but will more importantly appreciate those situations that may benefit from antibiotic therapy as well as those where antibiotics may not be necessary. Evidence-based strategies for prescription will be reviewed, as will antibiotic premedication in dentistry. 

    At the conclusion of this presentation, participants will be able to:         

    • Define antibiotic stewardship and discuss its necessity.
    • Review the diagnosis of orofacial infections
    • Discuss indications and contraindications for antibiotic therapy in endodontic infection management, as well as evidence-based antibiotic regimens. 

    Rebekah Lucier Pryles, D.M.D.

    SP-45 Outcomes in Endodontics: An Evidence-Based Look at Prognosis

    Dr. Rebekah Lucier Pryles is a graduate of the Tufts University School of Dental Medicine, where she also received her certificate in Endodontics. She is a diplomate of the American Board of Endodontics and a fellow of both the American and International Colleges of Dentists. She continues to be involved in teaching and research and holds faculty appointments at Tufts and Harvard.  Dr. Lucier Pryles is a Diplomate of the American Board of Endodontics.  Dr. Lucier Pryles co-wrote the textbook, Endodontics: A Review, with Dr. Blicher and Dr. Jarshen Lin.  She has published extensively, including in Compendium and the Journal of Periodontics. Together with Dr. Blicher, she founded Pulp Nonfiction Endodontics, an educational collaborative with the mission of developing and delivering evidence-based continuing education in Endodontics.  Dr. Lucier Pryles remains involved in organized dentistry, and is the current President of the Vermont State Dental Society. 

    Speaker Disclosure

    I declare that I have no proprietary, financial, or other personal interest of any nature or kind in any product, service, course, and/or company, or in any firm beneficially associated therewith, that will be discussed or considered during the proposed presentation

    Brooke Blicher, D.M.D.

    Dr. Brooke Blicher is a graduate of Harvard School of Dental Medicine and received her certificate in Endodontics from Tufts University School of Dental Medicine.  Dr. Blicher is a Diplomate of the American Board of Endodontics, and is a fellow of both the American and International Colleges of Dentists. Together with Dr. Pryles, she practices at Upper Valley Endodontics in White River Junction, Vermont. She remains involved in teaching, research and mentorship, holding faculty appointments at Harvard and Tufts, and serving as a member of the surgical faculty at Dartmouth College. She most recently co-wrote the chapter on Diagnosis in Endodontics: Principles and Practice, 6th edition, with Drs. Mahmoud Torabinejad and Rick Walton, as well as the textbook  Endodontics: A Review, with Dr. Lucier Pryles and Dr. Jarshen Lin.  She has published extensively, including in the Journal of Dental Research, General Dentistry and Compendium. Dr. Blicher is involved with the American Association of Endodontists as a past participant in their Leadership Development program and currently serves on the Practice Affairs Committee. 

    Speaker Disclosure

    I declare that I have no proprietary, financial, or other personal interest of any nature or kind in any product, service, course, and/or company, or in any firm beneficially associated therewith, that will be discussed or considered during the proposed presentation

  • Product not yet rated Contains 4 Component(s), Includes Credits Includes a Live Web Event on 02/15/2022 at 6:00 PM (CST)

    Darya Dabiri, DMS, MDSc |The dental management of pediatric patients who are medically compromised could be stressful in terms of endodontic dental procedures, behavior management and emergency care in outpatient office settings.

    CE: 1.0

    Description: 

    The dental management of pediatric patients who are medically compromised could be stressful in terms of endodontic dental procedures, behavior management and emergency care in outpatient office settings. Assessment and management of these comorbidities are essential to treat them safely.

    At the conclusion of this presentation, participants will be able to:     

    • Review of common pediatric comorbidities in outpatient dental settings
    • Calculate medications dosages for pediatric patients
    • Explain advanced Behavior Management Techniques in Pediatric patients with endodontic pain

    Darya Dabiri, DMD, MDSc

    Two roads diverged in a wood, and I—I took the one less traveled by, and that has made all the difference.” Being in the field of dentistry, it’s not often that you get to quote American poets, like Robert Frost. In reflecting on Dr. Darya Dabiri’s educational and professional journey, she sets an example of an individual who takes paths that were “less traveled by,” which has made her unique path to where she is today all the more enriching and rewarding. Dr. Dabiri is a Canadian dentist, she obtained her dental degree from the University of British Columbia in 2008. She completed a general practice residency at University of Michigan Hospital System after completing her dental training. She then pursued dual training in pediatric dentistry and endodontics at the University of Toledo Medical Center and University of Michigan respectively. She is a true pediatric dentist at heart. She cares for children and she is very passionate to address the challenges we face as clinician in diagnosis and treatment of dental pain in children with cognitive impairments and complex medical history.

    Speaker Disclosure

    In accordance with this policy, I declare I have a past or present proprietary or relevant financial relationship or receive gifts in kind (including soft intangible remuneration), consulting position or affiliation, or other personal interest of any nature or kind in any product, service, course and/or company, or in any firm beneficially associated therewith, as indicated: NIDOR, x01_DF_030405 (Dental Consultant), NIDCR, ROI_DE03117-02 (Dental Consultant), NCAI-CC-IUH54HL1198-7 (Dental Consultant- inventor) 

  • Contains 4 Component(s), Includes Credits

    Roger J. Wise, DDS| Participants will be enlightened by the stable and esthetic results achievable when the focus is always from a multidisciplinary approach in the esthetic zone.

    CE: 1.25

    Description: 

    The treatment of dental alveolar trauma should be a multidisciplinary discussion. Early mixed-dentition injuries ranging from simple displacements to advanced intrusions and avulsions will be described in detail with special emphasis on the role of each team member. Proper treatment of injuries in the developing dentition will many times prevent or lessen long-term recurrent problems related to periodontal and restorative disfigurement. Similar injuries in the adult dentition will be differentiated. Implant placement combined with hard and soft tissue management and restoration, will be demonstrated. Participants will be enlightened by the stable and esthetic results achievable when the focus is always from a multidisciplinary approach in the esthetic zone.

    At the conclusion of this presentation, participants will be able to:         

    • Describe Multi-Disciplinary Management of Dental Alveolar Trauma in the Developing Dentition
    • Describe Multi-Disciplinary Management of Dental Alveolar Trauma in the Adult Dentition
    • Describe Long-term Follow-up and Problems Encountered in a Lifetime

    Roger Wise, D.D.S.

    Dr. Wise received his Doctor of Dental Surgery degree from Emory University in 1971. He went on to obtain his Certificate in Periodontics from Boston University in 1973, and then completed his Certificate in Orthodontics in 1977, also at Boston University. He is a Diplomate of the American Board of Periodontology.

    Dr. Wise is a past faculty member and lecturer of the Departments of Orthodontics and Periodontics at Harvard School of Dental Medicine, from 1993 to 2010. He currently lectures at the Department of Periodontics at Harvard University. He has presented more than 200 lectures in the US and throughout the world on the interrelationship between Adult Orthodontics, Periodontics, and Restorative Dentistry. He has also written four textbook chapters and has authored numerous papers in peer-reviewed journals. He is one of the small number of periodontists in the world fully trained in both Periodontics and Orthodontics. In addition to his private practice focus on Periodontics, Implantology, and Orthodontics, Dr. Wise served 15 years as a consultant for the American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics.

    Roger J. Wise 

    I declare that I have no proprietary, financial, or other personal interest of any nature or kind in any product, service, course, and/or company, or in any firm beneficially associated therewith, that will be discussed or considered during the proposed presentation

  • Product not yet rated Contains 4 Component(s), Includes Credits

    Authors: OIzge Erdogan, DDA; Matthew Malek, DDS, Jennifer L. Gibbs, MAS, DDS, PhD |This study evaluated predictors of acute odontogenic pain to better understand the relationship between endodontic pain, clinical testing, endodontic disease, and diagnoses. ​

    CE Hours: 1.0

    Description: Thorough pain assessment and thermal and mechanical testing are the primary diagnostic tools used to assess the status of pulp and periapical tissues in teeth with potential endodontic pathology. This study evaluated predictors of acute odontogenic pain to better understand the relationship between endodontic pain, clinical testing, endodontic disease, and diagnoses.

    • Investigate which demographic, clinical and radiographic factors predict the intensity of pre-operative odontogenic pain due to pulpal/periapical diseases.
    • Evaluate whether different mechanical testing (percussion, palpation) capture different aspects/stages of endodontic pathology. 
    • Investigate if mechanical hypersensitivity might be due to peripheral and/or central sensitization caused by damaged sensory afferents of the pulp and/or periapical tissues.

    Ozge Erdogan, DDS

    Matthew Malek, D.D.S.

    Dr. Matthew Malek is a Diplomate of the American Board of Endodontics, he earned his certificate in endodontics from New York University in 2011 and has served as Full-Time Assistant Professor for the postgraduate program in endodontics. In 2015 Dr. Malek was appointed Program Director advanced education program in endodontics at New York University College of Dentistry. He is currently course director for the post-graduate courses Endodontic Microsurgery, and Introduction to clinical Endodontics. Additionally, he is a co-author in Pathways of the pulp (11th Edition), Ingle’s Endodontics (7th Edition), and Endodontic Prognosis (1st Edition). In 2009, Dr.Malek won the Arthur Charles Hull and Samuel & Hannah Holzman Award, and in 2014 he received the Academy of Distinguished Educators Award. Dr. Malek regularly participates in outreach programs and medical missions that promote oral health care awareness all across the globe. His current research interests include: Invasive cervical resorption, pain prevalence and its effects on endodontic treatment, and regenerative Endodontics.

    Jennifer L. Gibbs, MS, DDS, PhD

    Jennifer L. Gibbs, M.S, D.D.S., Ph.D. is Director of the Endodontics Division and Program Director of Advanced Graduate Education Program in Endodontics at Harvard University School of Dentistry. Dr. Gibbs received her dental degree and her Ph.D. in Pharmacology from the University of Texas Health Science Center San Antonio. She then completed a certificate in Endodontics and an M.A.S. in Clinical Research from the University of California San Francisco, as well as a postdoctoral training period. She is now a full time faculty at Harvard. Dr. Gibbs heads a translational research group focused on understanding the neurobiological mechanisms of orofacial pain with a focus on the nociceptors of the dental pulp. She teaches clinically in the advanced graduate Endodontic Program and lectures to both post-graduate and pre-doctoral students. Dr. Gibbs is active in the Faculty Practice at Harvard. She is a past Educator Fellow of the American Association of Endodontics and past president of the Pharmacology, Toxicology, and Therapeutics Group of the IADR.

  • Contains 4 Component(s), Includes Credits

    Karen Baker, BS, MS | Over-promotion and overprescribing of opioids has contributed to the current public health emergency we face in the U.S. Dentists now write much less than 6% of acute use opioid prescriptions but generally prescribe very few tablets per prescription.

    CE: 1.5

    Description: 

    Over-promotion and overprescribing of opioids has contributed to the current public health emergency we face in the U.S. Dentists now write much less than 6% of acute use opioid prescriptions but generally prescribe very few tablets per prescription. To what extent are we contributing to the development of opioid Substance Use Disorders and how can we modify our prescribing behaviors to minimize patient risk? We will outline specific strategies designed to identify the safety of prescribing opioids based on individual patient characteristics. Patient education on safe pain relief will also be reviewed. Extensive and very current handouts will be provided to maximize the chairside value of this vitally important information.

    At the conclusion of this presentation, participants will be able to:         

    • Discuss the increasing opioid overdose death rates and which drugs are implicated.
    • Delineate the role of the dentist in contributing to the current public health crisis.
    • Explain the relative pain relief effectiveness of non-opioid and opioid agents in acute pain.
    • Discuss the benefits and risks of specific pain control regimens for effective dental analgesia.

    Karen Baker, BSRPh, MS

    Professor Karen Baker has been on the Dental College faculty at the University of Iowa for 35 years and occupies a unique role in dental practice and education. She is a clinical pharmacist with a Master’s degree in clinical pharmacology and therapeutics and is focused on patient-specific dental drug therapy. She has given over 1000 invited programs nationally and internationally and holds memberships in many dental and clinical pharmacology and therapeutics organizations. Her dental education-based pharmacy and drug therapy consultation center is the only one in the United States. She has authored more than 50 articles and abstracts and lectures extensively in pre-doctoral and graduate-level courses at the University of Iowa.

    Karen Baker, BSRPh, MS

    I declare that I have no proprietary, financial, or other personal interest of any nature or kind in any product, service, course, and/or company, or in any firm beneficially associated therewith, that will be discussed or considered during the proposed presentation

  • Product not yet rated Contains 4 Component(s), Includes Credits

    Authors: Dustin Weitz, DDS, MS; Ronald Ordinola-Zapata, DDS, MS, PhD, Scott McClanahan, DDS, MS, Michael Shyne MS; Alan Law, DDS, MS, PhD, and Donald R. Nixdorf, DDS, MS| The aim of this study was to identify preoperative factors associated with local anesthesia failure.

    CE Hours: 1.0

    Description:  The aim of this study was to identify preoperative factors associated with local anesthesia failure.

     At conclusion, participants should be able to:

    • List the three methods used in this study to define anesthesia failure during non-surgical root canal treatment
    • Discuss the factors associated anesthesia failure found with each individual method of evaluation
    • Discuss the factors associated with anesthesia failure common in multiple methods of evaluation


    Dustin Weitz, DDS, MS

    Ronald Ordinola-Zapata, DDS, MS, PhD,

    Dr. Ordinola-Zapata obtained his DDS degree from Inca Garcilaso de la Vega University in Lima Peru, in 2001. From 2007 to 2013 he completed his Master degree and PhD doctoral Degree in Endodontics at University of Sao Paulo, Bauru school of Dentistry in Brazil. He has authored and co-authored more than 60 scientific articles in peer-reviewed journals such as the International Endodontic Journal, Journal of Endodontics, Dental Traumatology, Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, and triple O. His principal research interests are: Cone -beam CT in Endodontics, Microcomputed tomography, Dental Anatomy, Bacterial Biofilms, Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy and evaluation of new root-filling materials. Dr Ordinola-Zapata has lectured in several countries including, Peru, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Ecuador, Mexico, USA, Portugal and Spain. Currently he is an AEGD resident at Larkin community Hospital in Miami, Florida and Associate Editor of the International Endodontic Journal.

    Scott B. McClanahan, D.D.S., M.S.

    Dr. Scott B. McClanahan received his D.D.S. from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1981 and entered the U.S. Navy. As an out service resident, he completed his certificate of residency in endodontics at Northwestern University Dental School and received a M.S. from Northwestern University in 1989. After three tours of duty as a clinical endodontist, Dr. McClanahan was assigned to the faculty of the Endodontics Department at the Naval Postgraduate Dental School (NPDS), Bethesda, MD in 1998 and in 2001, assumed the responsibilities of Chairman of the Endodontics Department and Director of the Advanced Specialty Education Program in Endodontics. He retired from active duty in September 2005 and in November, joined the faculty at the University of Minnesota, School of Dentistry where he is holds the academic rank of Professor and is the Director of the Division of Endodontics and Director of Graduate Endodontics. He is a Diplomate of the American Board of Endodontics and a director of the board 2013-9 as well as the current board president. Dr. McClanahan is a Fellow of the International College of Dentists.

    Michael Shyne, MS

    Alan S. Law, DDS, PhD

    Dr. Alan Law received his Doctor of Dental Surgery and Certificate in Endodontics from the University of Iowa College of Dentistry, Iowa City, Iowa.  He also completed his PhD, “Mechanisms and Modulation of Orofacial Pain”, with the Department of Pharmacology at the University of Iowa.  Dr. Law has published several of articles in scientific and clinical journals, and has co-authored chapters on The Non-Odontogenic Toothache and Regenerative Endodontics in Pathways of the Pulp, and has lectured at over 300 local, national and international meetings.  Dr. Law is a member the American Dental Association, American Association of Endodontics, and Omicron Kappa Upsilon Dental Honor Society, and a Fellow of the American College of Dentists and the International College of Dentists.  He is Vice President of the American Association of Endodontists, a Past President of the Minnesota Association of Endodontists, and Past President of the American Board of Endodontics.  He is in full –time practice in the Twin Cities, and President of The Dental Specialists, a multi-specialty dental practice with over 20 specialists.  He is also a Research Associate Professor in the Division of Endodontics at the University of Minnesota.

    Donald R. Nixdorf, DDS, MS

    Dr. Donald Nixdorf graduated from the University of Alberta, Faculty of Dentistry in 1996. He then completed a residency in hospital dentistry with a Masters at The Ohio State University, Anesthesia fellowship at Johns Hopkins University, Orofacial Pain fellowship at the University of Alberta, and a Master of Science in Clinic Research at the University of Minnesota as a part of an NIH-funded training program. He is a Diplomate of the National Dental Board of Anesthesiology (NDBA) and the American Board of Orofacial Pain (ABOP). Dr. Nixdorf is a Professor, Division Director, and past Graduate Program Director at the University of Minnesota in the Division of TMD & Orofacial Pain. Dr. Nixdorf maintains a clinical practice restricted to the diagnoses and management of chronic TMD pain, headaches and neuropathic pain within a multi-disciplinary settings. Dr. Nixdorf’s research has focused on the topics of diagnosis of “tooth” pain investigating classification, epidemiology, exploration of mechanisms, and treatment options. Recently he has expanded his research to focus on MRI-based technologies to help assist in identifying local dentoalveolar pathologies.

  • Contains 2 Component(s)

    Learn the importance of financial planning and how to efficiently and effectively create and estate plan and asset protection techniques. | Shawn Johnson | Presented by Treloar & Heisel

    CE: inelgible

    This sponsored webinar is presented by:

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    Description: This course will provide an overview of common personal insurance, business insurance, qualified investment accounts and non-qualified investment accounts for today’s Endodontist.  The two main areas of concentration will be to provide insight into the flexibility of retirement plan design and a comprehensive review of a hypothetical financial plan to help understand the planning process. 

    At the conclusion of this presentation, participants will be able to: 

    • Identify personal and business insurance policies important to risk management protection for today’s Endodontist.
    • Discuss qualified and non-qualified investment accounts available to create wealth.
    • Describe the importance of setting goals, implementing strategies, and following a well-designed process to reach financial independence.

    This presentation is part of the To the Point Corporate-Sponsored Webinar series. To the Point Corporate-Sponsored Webinars may include opinion, speculation and other statements not verifiable in the scientific method and do not necessarily reflect the views of AAE. Participants should use their best judgment in evaluating the merits of any content.

    Shawn M. Johnson, ChFC®, CLU®, CLTC

    Shawn Johnson is the Vice President of Business Development for Treloar & Heisel.   Over the last 20 years he has helped several hundred dentists implement business and personal insurance policies and develop financial planning techniques and investment plans.  He has assisted in installing retirement plans for dental offices, as well as providing personal savings and investment strategies.  A Chartered Financial Consultant, Shawn is a member of National Association of Insurance and Financial Professionals and the Financial Planning Association of the Pittsburgh.  

    Shawn Johnson
    I declare that I have no proprietary, financial, or other personal interest of any nature or kind in any product, service, course, and/or company, or in any firm beneficially associated therewith, that will be discussed or considered during the proposed presentation.


  • Contains 4 Component(s), Includes Credits

    Jessica Metcalfe, DMD| Being a high-achiever and reaching success has become instinctive. You’ve worked hard devoting time and energy to get to where you are today. However, you underestimate your abilities, explain away of your successes, and fear failure. In this open and real conversation, Dr. Jessica breaks down barriers associated with self-doubt, perfectionism, and mental well-being.

    CE: 1.0

    Description: 

    Being a high-achiever and reaching success has become instinctive. You’ve worked hard devoting time and energy to get to where you are today. However, you underestimate your abilities, explain away of your successes, and fear failure. In this open and real conversation, Dr. Jessica breaks down barriers associated with self-doubt, perfectionism, and mental well-being.

    At the conclusion of this presentation, participants will be able to:         

    • Examine your inner critic revealing self-doubt, fear of failure, and self-sabotaging behaviors.
    • Establish a base knowledge of how perfectionism is holding you back in dentistry and your personal life.
    • Develop strategies to design your success, happiness, and laughter blueprint.

    Jessica Metcalfe, DMD

    Dr. Jessica Metcalfe is the founder of The Alchemist Dentist, an international speaker, a coach, a mental health activist and a dentist to oncology patients. Currently, she is staff dentist and education director at Princess Margaret Cancer Centre in Toronto, Canada. Her mission with The Alchemist Dentist is to dismantle impostor phenomenon, perfectionism and prevent burnout for dentists and the dental team. She can be reached at info@drjessicametcalfe.com

    Jessica Metcalfe, DMD

    In accordance with this policy, I declare I have a past or present proprietary or relevant financial relationship or receive gifts in kind (including soft intangible remuneration), consulting position or affiliation, or other personal interest of any nature or kind in any product, service, course and/or company, or in any firm beneficially associated therewith, as indicated: The Alchemist Dentist, Coaching/Consulting Services.

  • Contains 4 Component(s), Includes Credits

    Authors: Mason Bahador, DMD, Rayyan A. Alfirdous, DMD, Theeb A. Alquria, DMD, Ina L. Griffin, DMD, Patricia A. Tordik, DMD, FICD, and Frederico C. Martinho, DDS, MSc, PhD* |The aims of this study were to investigate aerosolized microorganisms generated during endodontic emergencies and nonsurgical root canal therapy (NSRCT), to assess the spread of airborne microbes, and to verify the spatial distribution of airborne microbial spread.

    CE Hours: 1.0

    Description: The aims of this study were to investigate aerosolized microorganisms generated during endodontic emergencies and nonsurgical root canal therapy (NSRCT), to assess the spread of airborne microbes, and to verify the spatial distribution of airborne microbial spread.

    • Describe the primary transmission route of COVID-19 aerosol spread.
    • Recognize relationships between dental procedures and the risk of aerosol spread.
    • Examine the impact of COVID-19 on how dental care is delivered.

    Mason Bahador, DMD

    Rayyan A. Alfirdous, DMD

    Theeb A. Alquria, DMD,*‡

    Ina L. Griffin, DMD,*

    Patricia A. Tordik, DMD, FICD,*

    Frederico C. Martinho, DDS, MSc, PhD*